It is the memorial to the queen – Queen Victoria. It was in 1901, when the Britishers were still ruling India that Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India put forward the idea of establishing a memorial in the name of the queen. Although, the building was to be a palatial and spatial one and dedicated to the late Queen, it was also to be a historical museum with a display of statues and pictures of revered men who hold important places in the history of India.
It was in 1906 when the foundation stone of the memorial was laid and it was done by the honorable Prince of Wales. It was built completely in white marble and the contributions were made by the people of India and the princes from Britain. The beautiful white marbles were brought in from Makrana, Rajasthan. On an approx. a sum of rupees 7.5 million was spent to build the memorial. It was then inaugurated by the Duke of Windsor on the 21st of December, 1921.
Build on 26 hectares of land and situated close to Maidan, it is closely compared to the ethereal beauty of the Taj Mahal in Agra. The memorial has been built such that Mughal architecture has been merged with the European style and the Italian Renaissance style.
At the front there’s a statue of Queen Victoria and the entry is flanked by bronze ornate gateways. Above is the central revolving dome and on top of it is the winged Angel of Victory, holding the bugle. There are around 500 exhibits and an evening light and sound show is held too, on the premises.